In the past, it had been very easy to get relief from the pain just by simply taking aspirin and consulting doctor. But today, there are a lot of options available which make it very difficult to choose one from all of those. For more than 2000 years, William Bark was being used for the treatment of pain and fever. But unfortunately, it consists of the active ingredient, salicylic acid, which proved to be really hard for the stomach. Later in 1897, a German chemist developed a way of improving salicylic acid by creating acetylsalicylic acid which was called aspirin. Aspirin had been in use for a long period of time before the development of acetaminophen and ibuprofen. After that, a lot of more pain killers have been introduced. Pain relievers fall into two categories, one is acetaminophen and the other one is NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). The difference between the two is that the latter can affect the inflammation by turning it down. Different products which are being sold out for different purposes can also have the same active ingredient. It’s important to keep the information about the active ingredient to get rid of the risk of overdosing. Any cold, fever or flu reliever might have the same active ingredients as any other pain reliever has. It is also important to have knowledge about its side effects as well. The right amount of dosage at the right time would help escaping the addiction of such pain relievers. The past history of substance abuse and addiction should also be considered both by the doctor and the patient before going for the prescribed medications. The deadly combine effect of such pain relievers with alcohol, heroine and other drugs can also be life threatening.
There are many people out there who are experiencing different types of physical and mental pains. It has become very common among people specially the back and knee pain. According to the reports, every 8 out of 10 people are suffering from the back pain. In some conditions, pain is just one of the symptoms of some other disease but in most of the cases, pain itself is a disease. In the health care cost of a country, most of the cost is because of millions of people who are suffering from chronic or acute pain every year. Most of the people end up being hospitalized for a longer period of time which increases the rate of hospitalization. Due to the constant pain, most of the people are not even able to perform the daily routine tasks at home or work. According to an Institute of Medicine report, pain is the main problem which is faced by many people in America and it costs $560-$635 billion annually. While considering the economy of a country and the other problems the individual face because of the pain, it has become really important to use proper pain relief pills to eradicate the pain from the lives of people. It won’t just help in stabilizing the economy by cutting down the cost of health care but it would also help in making lives of many people better. To fulfill the purpose, it is also compulsory to create awareness among people about how to get the proper consultation and prescribed pain relievers in the right amount. Just like everything else, pain killers also have their side effects which are needed to be minimized by having the proper knowledge about the root causes of the pain, active ingredients in the pills and the deadly combinations which can make the situation even worse.
Types of pain relief medications:
The types of the pain relief medications are dependent on how severe one’s pain is, any other health problem one may have, possible side-effects and the type of pain one has. To make the choice between the types of medications, it is necessary to have all of such information beforehand. Over-the-counter (OCT) are one of the types of pain relievers which fall into furthermore two categories: Acetaminophen and NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Both are helpful in treating the pain and fever. But such medications also have their side effects. NSAIDs can cause the problems in stomach, risk of heart attack and other kidney problems. There are other pain relievers as well which can be used even without having the prescription from the doctor like different creams, sprays and lotions which are applied on the part of the body which is causing pain. Among the prescribed pain relievers are Opioids, Corticosteroids, Anticonvulsants, Anti-depressants, NSAIDs and Lidocaine patches. Despite of the benefits of getting rid of pain, the Corticosteroids also have their side effects like weight gain, upset stomach, mood changes, headaches, weak immune system, trouble in sleeping and thinning of the bones. Some examples of Opioids are Morphine, Oxycodone, Codeine and Fentanyl. If this type of medication is used for the treatment of chronic pain, the risk of being addicted also increases. Some other side effects are drowsiness, nausea, itching, constipation and breathing problems. Anti-depressants are also helpful in being relieved from the pain but if it is used for the treatment of chronic pain for a long period of time, it can cause migraines and menstrual pain. The long-term side effects are constipation, blurry vision, difficulty urinating and fatigue etc. Moreover, Anticonvulsants are used to treat the seizure disorder but it also has some common side effects like others have which include dizziness, drowsiness and nausea. Physical therapy can also be used by the therapists in order to avoid the pain.
How does the treatment work?
Different types of pain killers work differently for the treatment of all kinds of pain. First of all, NSAIDs and Acetaminophen, which are OCT pain killers, both are used to get a relief from pain, fever, stiffness and muscles aches. But only NSAIDs can turn down the inflammation. It helps in reducing pain by reducing the hormone like substances which are actually causing pain. While Acetaminophen acts on the brain, the main part of the body, which receives the pain messages. Among the prescribes pain relievers, Opioids are used for the treatment of acute pain which happens after surgery Ultram (Tramadol) is used to work on the parts of brain to change the way an individual’s body respond to pain Watson (Hydrocodone) is also called narcotic which is used in combination with Acetaminophen to get the relief from mild to severe pain. And Corticosteroids cause the relief by easing swelling, itching, asthma and other allergic reaction by targeting a certain joint in the form of injections and pills. Anti-depressants are also used for the treatment which can help by making adjustments in the level of natural chemicals in the brain. It can treat the chronic pain which doesn’t respond to other medications. The way anticonvulsants work for the relief of the pain is unclear but it’s a general perception that it helps in minimizing the effects of nerves which actually cause the pain. The other ways of treating the pain are the use of physical therapy or the use of TENS procedure in which patches are placed on the skin to send the signals which may stop the pain.