Suicide is the taking of one’s own life. It is a death that happens when someone harms themselves because they want to end their life. A suicide attempt is when someone harms themselves to try to end their life, but they do not die.
Suicide is a major public health problem and a leading cause of death in the United States. The effects of suicide go beyond the person who acts to take his or her life. It can also have a lasting effect on family, friends, and communities.
Who is at risk for suicide?
Suicide does not discriminate. It can touch anyone, anywhere, at any time. But there are certain factors that can contribute to the risk of suicide, including:
Stressful life event, such as a job loss, financial problems, loss of a loved one, a breakup of a relationship, etc.
Being between the ages of 15 and 24 years or over age 60
What are the warning signs for suicide?
The warning signs for suicide include:
Talking about wanting to die or wanting to kill oneself
Making a plan or looking for a way to kill oneself, such as searching online
Buying a gun or stockpiling pills
Feeling empty, hopeless, trapped, or like there’s no reason to live
Being in unbearable pain
Talking about being a burden to others
Using more alcohol or drugs
Acting anxious or agitated; behaving recklessly
Sleeping too little or too much
Withdrawing from family or friends or feeling isolated
Showing rage or talking about seeking revenge
Displaying extreme mood swings
Saying good-bye to loved ones, putting affairs in order
Some people may tell others about their suicidal thoughts. But others may try to hide them. This can make some of the signs harder to spot.
What should I do if I need help or know someone who does?
If you or someone you know has the warning signs for suicide, get help right away, especially if there is a change in behavior. If it is an emergency, dial 911. Otherwise there are five steps that you can take:
Types of mental health problems
Anger. Explains what anger is, and how to deal with it in a constructive and healthy way.
Anxiety and panic attacks. …
Bipolar disorder. …
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) …
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) …
Dissociation and dissociative disorders. …
Drugs – recreational drugs & alcohol.
A suicide pill (also known as the cyanide pill, kill-pill, lethal pill, death-pill, or L-pill) is a pill, capsule, ampoule, or tablet containing a fatally poisonous substance that a person ingests deliberately in order to achieve death quickly through suicide. Military and espionage organizations have provided their agents in danger of being captured by the enemy with suicide pills and devices which can be used in order to avoid an imminent and far more unpleasant death (such as through torture), or to ensure that they cannot be interrogated and forced to disclose secret information. As a result, lethal pills have important psychological value to persons carrying out missions with a high risk of capture and interrogation.
The term “poison pill” is also used colloquially for a policy or legal action set up by an institution that has fatal or highly unpleasant consequences for that institution if a certain event occurs. Examples are the poison pill shareholders rights amendments inserted in corporate charters as a takeover defence, and wrecking amendments added to legislative bills.